School on Central Asia. Day 1. Threats to security and prospects for cooperation in the region
On July 22, the first day of the scientific and educational program “The IV School on Central Asia” was finished in Ufa. Participants and experts discussed threats to security in the region, economic and cultural initiatives of Turkey, Russia, China and USA in the countries of Central Asia within the framework of the session “Geopolitical layout of powers in Central Asia”. They also talked about adjacency between the EEU and the project “Silk Road Economic Belt”, interrelation of ideas of new Eurasianism and Pan-Turkism in Central Asia, an infrastructural crisis and logistical potential of the region.
According to senior researcher of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies under the Russian Academy of Sciences Vladimir Petrovsky, openness should become a basic principle of international relations. He also identified providing security of person and human development as priorities of national policy of Central Asian states.
Expert from Kazakhstan Daniyar Kosnazarov focused attention on Turkish projects in the region and listed 15 factors shaping the policy of Ankara in Central Asia. Among those factors he mentioned ambitions of Turkey on the market of energy resources, coordination of foreign policy decisions with the EU and NATO, pan-Turkism, internal Turkish ethnical specifics and religious disagreements inside the Islamic world.
The discussion also covered Chinese projects in the region. According to Vladimir Petrovsky, the “New Silk Rad” is a unique project, which was initially planned to be implemented within China, but in time has grown to a regional level.
The program of the working day was finished by a presentation made by expert of the Geopolitical center “Berlek-Unity” Artur Suleymanov. Problems of polycentrism and multipolarity of the world, issues related to water resources and borders in Central Asia, prospects for achieving social equality and human wellbeing in the Central Asian states were covered.