Alexey Fenenko: We live in the word order based on the results of World War II
Heritage of World War II. Why does this topic continue to be a burning one and a subject of political battles? What desires stand behind an idea of reviewing results of World War II? Will the world order change in the near future?
Those and other questions were answered by research fellow at the Institute of International Security Problems RAS and Associate Professor at the Faculty of World Politics of Moscow State University Dr. Alexey Fenenko during an exclusive interview to press service of the Alexander Gorchakov Public Diplomacy Fund.
- We continue living in the world order, which was established based on the results of World War II. Despite all the twists and turns, the essence of it has hardly changed. Look at the four main areas. What lies in the basis of the modern world order? A concept of “three policemen”, which was suggested by President Roosevelt at the meeting with Molotov in Washington, DC in 1942. There, for the first time he declared that three superpowers – the US, Great Britain and the USSR - will take responsibility for the after-war order.
Then, Stalin, fearing domination of Anglo-Saxons, raised France to the level of “the fourth policeman” though France had never fit the formal criteria as an occupied country. However, the Soviet Union signed a treaty on equal terms with leader of liberated France Charles de Gaulle. Stalin even demanded that French communists acknowledged de Gaulle as a leader and a head of the liberation movement of resistance. The USSR artificially raised France to the level of the Anglo-Saxon countries. In its turn, the United States raised China to make sure that the future world order would not look as a conspiracy of “the white race” since we were declaring common equality.
A decision was made in Teheran that those five superpowers would take responsibility for the future world order. They would become its guarantors and would have special rights different from the rights of all the other countries.
A full text of the article in Russian can be found here